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Free Book: How to Set Up a Quality Assurance System

 

How to Set Up a Quality Assurance System

A Step by Step Guide to Quality Control Management System

How to Set Up a Quality Assurance SystemThis guide presents a sample quality control system closely prepared from one developed by a fortune 500 company. It may be used as a guide in initiating your own quality assurance system, whether you sell to consumers, industrial users, or government.
The guide covers the following areas: Basic Quality Elements, A Sample Manual, Responsibilities, Purchase Order Control, Drawing and Specification Change Control, Receiving Inspection, Raw Material Control, In Process Inspection, Assembly Inspection and Functional Testing, Final Inspection and Testing, Faulty (Discrepant) Material Control, Tool and Gage Control, Overrun Stock Control, Packing and Shipping.

Table of Contents

1. Basic Quality Elements
2. A Sample Manual
3. Scope - 1.0
4. Responsibilities - 2.0
5. Purchase Order Control - 3.0
6. Drawing and Specification Change Control - 4.0
7. Receiving Inspection - 5.0
8. Raw Material Control - 6.0
9. In Process Inspection - 7.0
10. Assembly Inspection and Functional Testing - 8.0
11. Final Inspection and Testing - 9.0

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Sample Content

This guide presents a sample quality control system closely prepared from one developed by a fortune 500 company. It may be used as a guide in initiating your own quality assurance system, whether you sell to consumers, industrial users, or government.
All quality and inspection systems have simple, basic elements in common:
Organization - setting and assigning specific authority and responsibility for each phase of the system;
Quality Planning - writing work instructions with realistic "defect prevention" rules, looking at manufac­turing processes for possible quality trouble spots, set­ting acceptance/rejection standards, controlling ac­cepted/rejected products, and setting up a means of us­ing suppliers' and customers' failure information to im­prove product quality;
Product Specification Control - making sure everyone always has the latest technical data for properly produc­ing, inspecting, and shipping the product;
Supplier Product Quality Control - watching purchases to make sure that the people you buy from know and observe your quality requirements as well as technical specifications;
Measurement and Test Equipment Control - setting up a system to insure that such equipment is properly and regularly calibrated to established standards;
Nonconforming Material Control - spotting defects as early in production as possible and keeping faulty items from reaching customers; and
Records and Reports - setting up a system that tracks all steps of the production, inspection, and shipping cy­cle to identity existing and potential problem areas.
The following sample manual incorporates these basics. It may be adapted to fit your needs. It is recommended that each section of a manual you work up be on a loose-leaf sheet for easy reference and revision. Remember, the best manual in the world won't do any good unless every employee - not just those in Quality Assurance - is convinced that producing quality pro­ducts is of prime importance.
2. A Sample Manual Introduction

This manual describes for our employees and customers our quality control system. The system applies both to the items we produce and to the items we buy from our suppliers.
As dictated by the complexity of product design, manufacturing techniques used, and customer requirements, more specific written procedures may be required to implement the policies set in this manual.
No changes may be made to this manual or any supplementary quality control procedures unless approved by the plant manager or an authorized representative.
Table of Contents
Description / Section
Scope - 1.0
Responsibilities - 2.0
Purchase Order Control - 3.0
Drawing and Specification Change Control - 4.0
Receiving Inspection - 5.0
Raw Material Control - 6.0
In Process Inspection - 7.0
Assembly Inspection and Functional Testing - 8.0
Final Inspection and Testing - 9.0
Faulty (Discrepant) Material Control - 10.0
Tool and Gage Control - 11.0
Overrun Stock Control - 12.0
Packing and Shipping - 13.0
Identification - 4.0
Appendix A Organization Chart -
Appendix B Purchase Order Form
Appendix C Inspection Data Form -
(Each company should use its own forms for the Appendices).
Appendix D Identification Tags
Appendix E Travel Card

1.0 Scope
1.1 The quality control system includes: receiving, identifying, stocking and issuing parts and material; all manufacturing processes; packing, storing; and ship­ping.
1.2 The system is designed to ensure customer satisfaction through quality control management of supplies made and services performed here, and by our suppliers at their facilities. It is designed to spot process­ing problems early so we can correct them before we've produced a lot of faulty items.
1.3 Written inspection and test procedures will be prepared to supplement drawings and other specifica­tions, as necessary.

2.0 Responsibilities
2.1 The supervisor of quality assurance reports directly to the plant manager.
2.2 The quality assurance supervisor's responsibilities in­clude:
2.2.1 Planning how to meet customer's quality requirements
2.2.2 Reviewing customer drawings and specifications.
2.2.3 Determining inspection points.
2.2.4 Writing inspection and test instructions.
2.2.5 Establishing (and making sure employees follow) the most effective and efficient quality assurance pro­cedures possible.
2.2.6 Keeping adequate quality assurance records.
2.2.7 Reviewing quality assurance records and overseeing follow-up for correction and prevention of defects.
2.2.8 Assuring that our suppliers' quality control and follow-up are adequate.
2.2.9 Inspecting all special and standard gages, test equip­ment, and tooling used to manufacture products when we acquire them and calibrating them on a regularly scheduled basis.
2.2.10 Coordinating in-plant correction of items rejected by customers, explaining to customers what action will be taken, and evaluating the acti

This guide presents a sample quality control system closely prepared from one developed by a fortune 500 company. It may be used as a guide in initiating your own quality assurance system, whether you sell to consumers, industrial users, or government.
All quality and inspection systems have simple, basic elements in common:
Organization - setting and assigning specific authority and responsibility for each phase of the system;
Quality Planning - writing work instructions with realistic "defect prevention" rules, looking at manufac­turing processes for possible quality trouble spots, set­ting acceptance/rejection standards, controlling ac­cepted/rejected products, and setting up a means of us­ing suppliers' and customers' failure information to im­prove product quality;
Product Specification Control - making sure everyone always has the latest technical data for properly produc­ing, inspecting, and shipping the product;
Supplier Product Quality Control - watching purchases to make sure that the people you buy from know and observe your quality requirements as well as technical specifications;
Measurement and Test Equipment Control - setting up a system to insure that such equipment is properly and regularly calibrated to established standards;
Nonconforming Material Control - spotting defects as early in production as possible and keeping faulty items from reaching customers; and
Records and Reports - setting up a system that tracks all steps of the production, inspection, and shipping cy­cle to identity existing and potential problem areas.
The following sample manual incorporates these basics. It may be adapted to fit your needs. It is recommended that each section of a manual you work up be on a loose-leaf sheet for easy reference and revision. Remember, the best manual in the world won't do any good unless every employee - not just those in Quality Assurance - is convinced that producing quality pro­ducts is of prime importance.
2. A Sample Manual
Introduction

This manual describes for our employees and customers our quality control system. The system applies both to the items we produce and to the items we buy from our suppliers.
As dictated by the complexity of product design, manufacturing techniques used, and customer requirements, more specific written procedures may be required to implement the policies set in this manual.
No changes may be made to this manual or any supplementary quality control procedures unless approved by the plant manager or an authorized representative.
Table of Contents
Description / Section
Scope - 1.0
Responsibilities - 2.0
Purchase Order Control - 3.0
Drawing and Specification Change Control - 4.0
Receiving Inspection - 5.0
Raw Material Control - 6.0
In Process Inspection - 7.0
Assembly Inspection and Functional Testing - 8.0
Final Inspection and Testing - 9.0
Faulty (Discrepant) Material Control - 10.0
Tool and Gage Control - 11.0
Overrun Stock Control - 12.0
Packing and Shipping - 13.0
Identification - 4.0
Appendix A Organization Chart -
Appendix B Purchase Order Form
Appendix C Inspection Data Form -
(Each company should use its own forms for the Appendices).
Appendix D Identification Tags
Appendix E Travel Card
1.0  Scope
1.1 The quality control system includes: receiving, identifying, stocking and issuing parts and material; all manufacturing processes; packing, storing; and shipping.
1.2 The system is designed to ensure customer satisfac­tion through quality control management of supplies made and services performed here, and by our suppliers at their facilities. It is designed to spot process­ing problems early so we can correct them before we've produced a lot of faulty items.
1.3 Written inspection and test procedures will be prepared to supplement drawings and other specifica­tions, as necessary.
2.0 Responsibilities
2.1 The supervisor of quality assurance reports directly to the plant manager.
2.2 The quality assurance supervisor's responsibilities in­clude:
2.2.1 Planning how to meet customer's quality requirements
2.2.2 Reviewing customer drawings and specifications.
2.2.3 Determining inspection points.
2.2.4 Writing inspection and test instructions.
2.2.5 Establishing (and making sure employees follow) the most effective and efficient quality assurance procedures possible.
2.2.6 Keeping adequate quality assurance records.
2.2.7 Reviewing quality assurance records and overseeing follow-up for correction and prevention of defects.
2.2.8 Assuring that our suppliers' quality control and follow-up are adequate.
2.2.9 Inspecting all special and standard gages, test equip­ment, and tooling used to manufacture products when we acquire them and calibrating them on a regularly scheduled basis.
2.2.10 Coordinating in plant correction of items rejected by customers, explaining to customers what action will be taken, and evaluating the actions for effectiveness.
2.2.11 Making sure inspectors make unbiased decisions to accept or reject items.
3.0 Purchase Order Control
3.1 All of our purchase orders to suppliers must be ap­proved by the plant manager or an authorized representative.
3.2 When the purchase order is released, our buyer will send our supplier all required drawings, specifications, and other customer requirements (such as material or process certifications, physical or chemical analysis, source inspections) with the pur­chase order.
3.3 If there is a drawing or specification change after our order is placed with the supplier, our buyer will send the supplier a purchase order change, including our latest Engineering change and the latest drawings or other specifications.
3.4 Copies of all purchase orders will be kept on file for our customers to review.
4.0 Drawing and Specification Change Control
4.1 We manufacture to customer drawings and specifications. Sets of these are filed in job number folders in Production Control files.
4.2 Production Control is responsible for charging out and keeping track of drawings and specifications.
4.3 The Sales Department receives Engineering changes from our customers and is responsible for sending these changes to Production Control immediately.
4.4 Production Control is responsible for issuing the latest Engineering changes, drawings, and specifications of departments that need them and for voiding outdated Engineering changes, drawings, and specifications.
4.5 A standard procedure will be set up to control changes by effective date or serial/lot number.

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